Often the false beliefs and myths about diabetes outweigh the reality and the facts. Blatant untruths circulate and are presented as proven facts. Diabetes is a chronic disease that can lead to complications serious, often fatal, including cardiovascular problems, amputations, coma, and blindness. Recently, Canadian researchers determined that the life expectancy of people with diabetes was, on average, 13 years lower than those of non-diabetics. The myths surrounding diabetes reinforce the stigma, the pain it causes, and most importantly, the misunderstanding and misdiagnosis. It is important to be aware of the facts about diabetes to distance yourself from myths and food legends. For older people, a better understanding of this disease develops the right attitude to cautiously deal with risks.
TYPES OF DIABETES
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes is generally more common in children and young adults. This is an autoimmune condition, which occurs when the pancreas no longer makes insulin because of the immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells producing insulin in the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes should take insulin by injection or insulin pump. The cause of type 1 diabetes is not clear and cannot be prevented.
Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in middle-aged or older people. You are not making enough insulin or the body is not responding properly. In this type of diabetes, the body cannot effectively utilize the insulin to bring glucose into cells. This is called insulin resistance. This type of diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
What happens when you have type 2 diabetes? The pancreas has difficulty secreting enough insulin, or there is a difficulty in the body, which cannot use insulin adequately (this is called “resistance”). Under these circumstances, the sugar from food will build up in the blood, rather than being used to nourish the cells.
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